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Policies and legislation

POLICIES AND LEGISLATION RELEVANT FOR MANAGEMENT

International conservation and legal status of the species

The international conservation designations and legal status of the Sociable Lapwing under both the European and global instruments and mechanisms

Global Status1

AEWA2

Bonn Convention3

CITES

Bern Convention4

EU Birds Directive5

Critically Endangered

A1a, 1b &1c

I

Not listed

II

I

Source

Birdlife International (2004). Threatened Birds of the World 2004. CD-ROM, Cambridge, UK.  See also BirdLife species factsheet.

2 AEWA website.

Migratory species that have been categorized as being in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant proportion of their range. For more details see the Convention text on the CMS website.

Give special attention to the protection of areas that are of importance (Article 4) and ensure the special protection of the species (Article 6). For more details see the Convention text on the Council of Europe website.

The species shall be subject to special conservation measures concerning their habitat in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their area of distribution. For more details see the Directive text on the European Commission website.

 

The applicability of European and intergovernmental instruments to the principal range states for Sociable Lapwing as of May 2012.

Principal range state for Sociable Lapwing

Member state bound by EU Directives and policies

Beneficiary of EU European Neighbourhood Policy

Party to AEWA

Party to CMS

Party to Bern

Party to CBD

Party to Ramsar

Eritrea

No

No

No

Yes

N/a

Yes

No

Ethiopia

No

No

Yes

Yes

N/a

Yes

No

India

No

No

N/a

Yes

N/a

Yes

Yes

Iraq

No

No

No

No

N/a

Yes

Yes

Kazakhstan

No

No

No

Yes

N/a

Yes

Yes

Oman

No

No

No

 

N/a

Yes

No

Pakistan

No

No

N/a

Yes

N/a

Yes

Yes

Russian Federation

No

Strategic partnership

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Saudi Arabia

No

No

No

Yes

N/a

Yes

No

Sudan

No

No

Yes

 

N/a

Yes

Yes

Syria

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

N/a

No

Yes

Turkey

Candidate

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Uzbekistan

No

No

Yes

Yes

N/a

Yes

Yes

 

National policies, legislation and ongoing activities

Eritrea – the species is protected by national wildlife law that limits hunting, but Sociable Lapwing is not specifically mentioned.

Ethiopia – the species is not covered by national legislation due to poor knowledge of its occurrence and distribution.

India – the species is protected through Schedule IV of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, and thus hunting and trapping is illegal.

Iraq – the species is not currently protected through national legislation, but it is hoped to be included in future legislation.

Kazakhstan - the species is listed in the Red Data book of Kazakhstan and hunting of the species is prohibited.

Oman – information not available.

Pakistan – there is no national legislation that covers Sociable Lapwing in Pakistan, but the species is protected in some Provincial legislation.

Russian Federation – the species is listed on Category 1 – endangered species, in the Red Data book of Russia, and is also listed in a number of regional Red Data books. Sociable Lapwing is also listed in the Russia-India Agreement on Migratory Birds.

Saudi Arabia – the species is protected through national Hunting Law of 1978 (amended in 2000). The hunting of migratory species was banned in 2006.

Sudan – the species is not currently protected through national legislation although there are plans to add to Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Act.

Syria – the species is protected from hunting through national legislation (although this is rarely enforced).

Turkey – the species is protected from hunting through national legislation.Terrestrial hunting Law gives the power to the Central Hunting Committee (MAK) to determine game species lists and bag sizes, and the MAK has put the sociable lapwing on the protected list.

Uzbekistan – the species is listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan on category 2(VU:R) - vulnerable, naturally rare, migratory species.

 

Ongoing conservation activities are focussed on two areas at present:

Monitoring and research activities

Much of the ongoing monitoring and research activity is summarised in the Action Plan. This work has largely been funded through two significant grants from the UK Government’s Darwin Initiative. From 2006-2009, the project, ‘conserving a flagship steppe species: the critically endangered Sociable Lapwing,’ focussed on the breeding grounds of Kazakhstan with low level work in some range states.

Between 2009-2011, the project, ‘tracking the Sociable Lapwing: conservation beyond the breeding grounds,’ concentrated efforts on the migration routes and wintering grounds.

Monitoring and research work is continuing through support of Birdlife International’s Preventing Extinctions Programme. Swarovski Optik and RSPB have been Species Champions for the Sociable Lapwing since 2008 and will continue until at least 2013. Regular monitoring has been undertaken in Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Sudan and India since 2006. Some work has been undertaken in Eritrea. Much of this work is ongoing with support from Swarovski Optik and is being expanded to other countries within the species’ range

Awareness raising

Through the above mentioned Darwin Projects a large amount of public awareness raising has been undertaken and is ongoing. One key tool is the use of the Amazing Journey web-site that is tracking satellite tagged birds from Kazakhstan to the wintering grounds. This interactive web-site encourages bird-watchers and the general public to submit their own records of Sociable Lapwing. This web-site is supported through Swarovski Optik and it’s management and upkeep is ongoing.  Project updates are also regularly added to the RSPB's Saving Species blog.

Publicity material has been produced in local languages in Turkey, Syria, Iraq and India, and more is planned as part of ongoing activities.