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Range States

INTRODUCTION

The Sociable Lapwing "Principle Range States" are 13 countries within the AEWA area: Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Oman, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Turkey and Uzbekistan. They are listed in the AEWA Single Species Action Plan for the Sociable Lapwing and have the major responsibility for the implementation of the Action Plan. Subsequently, these range states are all members of the AEWA Sociable Lapwing International Working Group, charged with coordinating the international implementation of Sociable Lapwing conservation measures.

Short descriptions of the occurence of Sociable Lapwing in each range state are provided below, a table of country populations can be seen here, and the annual cycle here.

 

COUNTRY PROFILES

Sociable Lapwing range
Eritrea flag
Eritrea

Wintering.  A few records, but with very little survey work carried out to date, so distribution and abundance unknown.

Map of Eritrea
Ethiopia flag
Ethiopia

Wintering.  A few records, but with very little survey work carried out to date, so distribution and abundance unknown.

Map of Ethiopia
India flag
India

Wintering.  In January, birds are on their wintering grounds in Sudan, Oman and NW India, with single birds and small flocks regularly observed in Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Iran.  They depart  for their breeding grounds from mid-February onwards, with the last birds leaving during March.  In October, a few birds arrive at the wintering sites in India and Sudan in the last days of the month, and there is significant passage in Pakistan.  In November, the wintering areas are occupied during the whole month, with most of the records from the Indian subcontinent gathered in this period. In December, birds are rather mobile at their wintering grounds in Sudan, Oman and NW India. 

Map of India
Iraq flag
Iraq

Passage.  Birds arrive towards the end of February in passage from their wintering grounds and pass through until the end of March, returning late September and October.

Map of Iraq
Kazakhstan flag
Kazakhstan

Breeding.  Kazakhstan is the main breeding area, with up to 10,800 individuals.  The first birds are observed in Kazakhstan towards the end of March, while in early April, the first arrive on the breeding grounds.  Around mid-April, good numbers arrive in the southern breeding areas in Kazakhstan, starting incubation around the 20th of the month.  By late April, birds are present throughout the breeding range.  In May, new birds arrive on the breeding grounds until the middle of the month, while significant numbers are already incubating. The first chicks hatch around 20 May in Central Kazakhstan.  In June, many birds are still on nests in Russia and Kazakhstan, while most of the successful breeding pairs guard chicks. Throughout the month, flocks of moulting males gather at the breeding grounds. First chicks fledge towards the end of the month.  In July, fledged chicks and moulting adults gather in post-breeding flocks in the breeding areas, with first dispersal movements observed around mid-month. Around 20 July, strong migration starts with medium to large flocks passing through Central Kazakhstan.  In August, most birds leave the breeding grounds; movements through Kazakhstan are slow and protracted, with first birds observed in Uzbekistan and at key Russian stopover sites.  The last birds depart from the breeding grounds in September.

Map of Kazakhstan
Oman flag
Oman

Wintering.  In January, birds are on their wintering grounds in Sudan, Oman and NW India, with single birds and small flocks regularly observed in Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Iran.  They depart  for their breeding grounds from mid-February onwards, the last birds leaving during March.  Birds return during October, and the wintering areas are occupied during the whole of November.  In December, birds are rather mobile at their wintering grounds in Sudan, Oman and NW India. 

Map of Oman
Pakistan flag
Pakistan

Passage.  Birds arrive towards the end of February in passage from their wintering grounds and pass through until the end of March.   There is significant return passage during October.

Map of Pakistan
Russian Federation flag
Russian Federation

Breeding.  Up to 120 individuals.  In early April, small numbers of birds reach S Russia and W Kazakhstan, and by late April, birds are present throughout the breeding range.  In May, new birds arrive on the breeding grounds until the middle of the month.  In June, many birds are still on nests in Russia and Kazakhstan, while most of the successful breeding pairs guard chicks. Throughout the month, flocks of moulting males gather at the breeding grounds. First chicks fledge towards the end of the month.  In July, fledged chicks and moulting adults gather in post-breeding flocks in the breeding areas, with first dispersal movements observed around mid-month. Around 20 July, strong migration starts.  In August, most birds leave the breeding grounds; movements through Kazakhstan are slow and protracted, with first birds observed in Uzbekistan and at key Russian stopover sites (such as Manych lowlands).  In September, large numbers gather during the first two weeks at Manych in SW Russia, with significant passage observed in the Caucasus region, and the last birds depart from the breeding grounds.  In October, some birds are still in SW Russia.

Map of Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia flag
Saudi Arabia

Wintering.  In January, small flocks are regularly observed in Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Iran.  They depart for their breeding grounds from mid-February onwards, the last birds leaving during March. Return passage is in October, and single birds occur during winter.

Map of Saudi Arabia
Sudan flag
Sudan

Wintering.  In January, birds are on their wintering grounds in Sudan, Oman and NW India,  departing  for their breeding grounds from mid-February onwards,  the last birds leaving during March.  A few birds arrive at the wintering sites in India and Sudan in the last days of October, and in November, the wintering areas are occupied during the whole month.  In December, birds are rather mobile at their wintering grounds in Sudan, Oman and NW India. 

Map of Sudan
Syria flag
Syria

Passage. Birds arrive towards the end of February in passage from their wintering grounds.  During March, important concentrations build up at stopover sites in Turkey and Syria, peaking towards the middle of the month.  Return passage is during October.

Map of Syria
Turkish flag
Turkey

Passage.  During March, important concentrations build up at stopover sites in Turkey and Syria, peaking towards the middle of the month.  In September, birds arrive at key stopover sites in Turkey and Uzbekistan during the second half of the month.  In October, large concentrations build up and the birds stop over until around 15 October. 

Map of Turkey
Uzbekistan flag
Uzbekistan

Passage . In early April, passage in Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan peaks.   In August, most birds leave the breeding grounds, with first birds observed in Uzbekistan and at key Russian stopover sites.  In September, there is  significant passage observed in the Caucasus region. Birds arrive at key stopover sites in Turkey and Uzbekistan during the second half of the month. 

Map of Uzbekistan